“I am confident and optimistic about Washington State and the Cascadia Innovation Corridor. Our region is characterized by a rapidly growing population with shared values, booming twenty‐first century industries and an appetite for innovation. To fully realize our growth potential, we continue to look for ways to improve economic, social and environmental well‐being, especially across our borders. I believe people are passionate and hungry for options that would maintain our quality of life in the Pacific Northwest.”
Jay Inslee, Washington State Governor Foreward from Ultra High Speed Rail Study by WSDOT
Cascadia High speed rail is one step closer to being reality, after a study commissioned by Washington State was published on Thursday, December 14th. A high speed rail line linking Vancouver BC, Seattle WA and Portland OR would cost between $24 billion and $42 billion US dollars, and attract an initial ridership of 1.8 million.
The study was conducted by the Washington State Department of Transportation (WSDOT) and written over a period of five months. It cost $360,000 – with the majority of that coming from the Washington legislature, and $60,000 coming from private investment, with the majority of private funds coming from Microsoft.
“It’s a big idea, to be sure, but many would say it’s an idea whose time has come and there are many compelling reasons for this… If you can just imagine being able to go from downtown Seattle to downtown Vancouver, B.C., in just over an hour, now imagine it through the Pacific Northwest.”
– Charles Knutson, Executive policy adviser to Jay Inslee.
The 76 page study examined three different types of technology, including high speed rail – which tops out at 365km/hr (226mph), maglev 430-600km/hr (267-330mph) and hyperloop (unknown??), and looked at potential routes, costs, stations locations, costs, ridership and how to collaborate across an international border.
Once established – the route could also be expanded along eastern corridors to Spokane or south to San Francisco and Sacramento – the terminus of the California high speed rail.
Seattle and Portland would have the heaviest ridership – accounting for approximately half of the trips, while about a quarter would be between Vancouver to Seattle. There are many different advantages and costs to each technologies – maglev for example has a higher up front cost, but lower maintenance and operation fees. It would be able to pay for itself by 2035.
Cascadia High Speed Rail has long captured the imagination of the Pacific Northwest – from the Pacific Northwest Economic Region in 1992 to the Cascadia Mayors Council in 1996. It’s first real boost came in the early 2000’s.
The proposed route would extend along the Cascadia corridor – an area from Vancouver B.C. down to Portland which has been termed an emerging megaregion by the National Committee for America 2050 – defined as an area where “boundaries begin to blur, creating a new scale of geography”. These areas have interlocking economic systems, shared natural resources and ecosystems, and common transportation systems link these population centers together. This area contains 17% of Cascadian land mass, but more than 80% of the Cascadian population.
“This really is about investing in ourselves and in the broader Cascadia region,” Knutson said, “and in these tough, troubled times we need more openness, more connectivity, more trade, not less, and this could really be a powerful symbol.”
Investment in high speed rail has support from high level government officials in British Columbia and Canada at broad – as well as those in Washington and Oregon. Governors in Washington and Oregon have both pledged support – while British Columbia Premier John Horgan and Prime Minister Justin Trudeau also openly support the idea, as well as a wide variety of environmental, labor and business leaders and the general populations as a whole.
The ultra-high-speed line would not replace the existing 18-stop Amtrak Cascades route between Vancouver and Eugene.